Biographical, historical information with respect to Amos is seen. Summary statement is given explaining the tone of the prophecies. The Lord is compared to a lion roaring after its prey, with the prey being the covenant people
Amos 1:3-2:3 Indictment of Neighboring Nations
Amos 1:3-5 Sins of Damascus: Sin was that they were overly cruel in times of war. Judgment: I will send fire on the house of Hazael. People will go into exile
Amos 1:6-8 Sins of the Philistines: Sin was that they sold captives to Edom. Judgment: I will send fire on the house Gaza. People will be destroyed.
Amos 1:9-10 Sins of Tyre: Sin was that they also sold captives to Edom. Judgment: I will send fire upon the walls of Tyre. Fortresses will be consumed.
Amos 1:11-12 Sins of Edom: Sin was that they were constantly warring against others. Judgment: I will send fire upon Teman. Fortresses will be consumed.
Amos 1:13-15 Sins of Ammon: Sin was that they killed pregnant women to extend borders. Judgment: I will set fire to walls of Rabbah. King will go into exile.
Amos 2:1-3 Sins of Moab: Sin was that he desecrated the bones of Edom’s king. Judgment: I will send fire upon Moab. Ruler will be destroyed.
Sins of Israel (Notice how much longer the section is): Sins were many (selling the righteous, trampling the poor, idolatry, etc.). Listing of God’s past saving acts on their behalf. Judgment: I will crush you. No one will escape the punishment.
Amos 5:18-20 God’s day of judgment will rain upon their heads. God will not fight on their behalf, but against them.
Amos 5:21-24 Unacceptable worship: God renounces their cultic practices. If they don’t practice justice and righteousness as a community, God will not accept their worship “in church”. What they do with each other affects their relation to God.
Amos 5:25-27 Israel will be exiled beyond Damascus. (This would happen within 40 years, but at the time people probably thought he was deranged.)
Amos 6:1-7 A warning to the complacent (wealthy). Fame and wealth will not be able to save them
He mocks their banquets and amusements. Despite appearances, their society is rotten to the core. Therefore they will be the first to go into exile.
Amos 7:1-3 The Devouring Locusts. Amos intercedes for the people and God relents. Judgment is turned aside for the time being.
Amos 7:4-6 The Flaming Fire. Amos intercedes for the people and God relents. Judgment is turned aside for the time being
Amos 7:7-17 The Plumb Line
Amos 7:7-9 Interpretations vary, possibly means that Israel once was straight. In a sense, the Lord was testing the “straightness” of the people. Since they failed against this standard, judgment could not be waived. Judgment would fall on high places, dynasty of Jeroboam.
Amos 7:10-17 Historical Interlude Between Amos and Amaziah (Priest of Bethel)
Amos 7:10-13 Priest accuses Amos of conspiracy. Prophesied death of Jeroboam...exile for Israel
Amos 7:14-15 Amos responds he wasn’t a professional prophet. He had been called by God
Amos 7:16-17 Pronounces judgment on Amaziah’s family. Wife would be violated; children would be killed. Amaziah would die in Gentile lands. And Israel would go into exile.
Amos 8 The Basket of Ripe Fruit
Amos 8:1-2 Wordplay between basket of fruit and “end”. Joy of ripe fruit is mocked with judgment claiming, “The time is ripe”.
Amos 8:3 Joyous songs will be turned into wailing.
Amos 8:4-6 Reasons for judgment. Merchants were cheating the poor.
Amos 8:7-8 The Lord swears by the Pride of Jacob. The Lord’s oath is as inviolate as their sense of pride. The very ground will tremble at its coming judgment.
Amos 8:9-10 The coming of the Day of the Lord. Life as they know it will end.
Amos 8:11-14 A famine of God’s words. The day will come when they will seek the Lord but He will be silent. They have repeatedly refused to listen. They will reap the consequences of what they have sown. God will withdraw His words.
Amos 9:1-6 The Lord orders the destruction of the temple.
Amos 9:1-4 Represents the whole religious system of the northern kingdom.
Amos 9:5-6 Hymn re: the Lord’s power to do as He says. This Lord is named God.
Amos 9:7-10 Israel is now like the other nations who have rebelled against God. They will be shaken like grain in a sieve. But unlike grain, none will fall to the ground. All the sinners will die by the sword.
Amos 9:11-12 Promise of restoration of Davidic kingdom. “In that day” (of judgment) David’s fallen tent will be restored.
Amos 9:13-15 Blessings that await restored kingdom. Despite the fact that the northern kingdom will end, there is hope. God’s people have a future. Abundance will be manifested (wine will drip from the mountains). The exiled people will return land again.