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Micah-Detailed Outline
A. Approaching Judgment of Israel and Judah Because of Sin
Micah 1:1-1-2 The Call to Attention
Introduction; ministry covered reigns of three kings. Summons for all the nations to “hear”.
Micah 1:2-1:4 Terrible Coming of God Announced and Described
Impending judgment. God will come from his dwelling place to “witness” against them. God’s arrival will cause violent storms and earthquakes.
Micah 1:5 Sins of the Capital City Representative of Those of the Nation
Micah 1:6-1:7 Fearful Consequences of This Judgment
National upheaval will be due to sins of the nations. Samaria will be destroyed
Micah 1:8-1:16 the Prophet’s Reaction and His Vision of This Judgment
Micah 1:8-9 Personal reflection on the coming judgment is seen. Micah will go around weeping and wailing and mourning.
Micah 1:10-16 A warning and summons for the people. A listing of various towns that should be called to mourning is given.
B. Doom of Corrupt Prophets and Oppressors
Micah 2:1-2:5 Woe Upon the Land Monopolizers
Denunciation of authorities is given. Fraudulent activities of those in power are given. God’s response will be the coming disaster. Corrupt people will be brought low. They will have no part of the covenant community
Micah 2:6-2:13 False Preaching of Lying Prophets
Micah 2:6-11 True vs. false prophets. True prophets were troublemakers, embarrassing the privileged classes. False prophets told them not to prophesy. People were not living according to God’s standards. The poor, women, and even children were being treated cruelly. People only wanted to hear that more prosperity and affluence would come. They didn’t like hearing what Micah was saying
Micah 2:12-13 A statement of hope for the remnant. A remnant will be gathered. A message of hope remains in stark contrast to message of continuing prosperity from all the false prophets. Micah was not speaking about his own generation, but a future time. Kingdom of God would burst forth; people would be restored.
Micah 3:1-3:7 Denunciation of the Leaders of the People
Micah 3:1-4 Indictment of the rulers of Israel. He asked if they knew justice. Micah continued with a harsh description of their disregard for justice. He used the metaphor of treating the people like cattle for butchering. Because they had been so merciless, the Lord would not answer their cries for help.
Micah 3:5-7 Indictment of the religious leaders of Israel. The false prophets told the priests what they wanted to hear.
Micah 3:8 Micah’s Consciousness of Power From the Spirit of God
Micah, full of the power of the Holy Spirit, preached a message of doom. The day would come when events would discredit their false bright prophecies. Then they will remember the words of Micah, his source was God.
Micah 3:9-12 Gross Sin and Crime to Bring Destruction Upon Jerusalem
Listing of additional sins of leaders. They despised justice and distorted all that was right. All leaders had denigrated their offices for personal greed. They maintained the outward show of religion, but were empty of any ethical response. Their behavior guaranteed that Micah’s words would come to pass. Prophecy included the destruction of the temple, which no one ever thought could happen.
C. Vision of Hope From the Coming One (Jesus)
Micah 4 Final Triumph of Jerusalem
Micah 4:1-8 Prophecy changed from doom to sublime (similar to Isaiah). Jerusalem would become the focus of God’s activity to all people. People will be drawn there simply to learn more about God. “In the last days” – but no one knows when that will be. Possible messianic reference, when Messiah would affect God’s will. All the people will look to the law of the Lord and there will be peace…“Swords into plowshares and spears into pruning hooks”. All peoples will walk in the name of the Lord. In that day, exiles will be gathered; lame will be a remnant. The Lord will rule over all. Jerusalem will be restored to its “former dominion”.
Micah 4:9-13 Ruin and redemption of Jerusalem. Description of a dismal situation is given. No king, no priests, only pain (likened to a woman in labor). A description of exile to Babylon is given (May be used as general term for Mesopotamia). Exile to Babylon wouldn’t happen for another century or more…also promise of rescue out of the hand of their enemies. Nonetheless, that promise was for future generations. Current generation remained unrepentant and will suffer for their sins. Nations that gloated over Jerusalem’s misfortune should think about their place in God’s overall plan…in turn, they, too, would experience judgment. They, too, will be gathered like sheaves to the threshing floor.
Micah 5 Coming Mighty Leader to be Born in Bethlehem and to Restore Israel
Micah 5:1-4 A future King of Jerusalem is mentioned. A description of siege of Jerusalem is given. Yet, out of Bethlehem will come one who will be ruler over Israel. This individual has not yet been born. This indicated that God would not abandon them forever. Israel will not only have a new ruler, but also a reuniting of its brothers. This messianic king will care for Israel. He will shepherd his flocks in the strength of the Lord.
Micah 5:5-6 Future peace: God will gather his scattered people. They will rule over those who have ruled over them (Assyria).
Micah 5:7-9 Remnant of Jacob: Remnant will be transformed from being insignificant to having dominion. Nations will not be able to withstand the remnant
Micah 5:10-15 Purification of the Remnant: Weapons and idols would be destroyed. Nations will be expected to conform. The Lord will take vengeance on those who disobey.
D. The Lord's Case Against Israel
Micah 6:1-5 The First Complaint of God
God accuses his people. A lawsuit formula wherein the mountains were called as witnesses. God pleaded with his people. Why have they ceased to obey him? He recalled his saving act of the Exodus and the many great leaders he gave them.
Micah 6:6-8 Israel’s First Reply
What constitutes proper worship? Description of trappings of formal worship…is that what God wants? What does the Lord require? “To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God”…this is what is good. God is interested in the state of one’s heart. These are members of the covenantal community with covenantal responsibilities.
Micah 6:9-16 Second Complaint of God
A sentence of judgment is given. The Lord calls as disaster threatens. An emphasis on social sins is seen. Leaders had made so many promises that were not kept. Invalidated their leadership in many ways. Result: They will lose their land. Their efforts to amass personal wealth will have been meaningless. Idolatry also is an issue. Because you have followed their traditions, “I will give you over to ruin…your people to derision; you will bear the scorn of nations”.
Micah 7:1-10 Israel’s Second reply-A Confession of Sin
Micah 7:1-2 Micah’s lament. Micah mourned the conditions he witnessed, the sorry state of mankind. Gave voice to his deepest feelings of disappointment. Used metaphor of going to vineyard hoping to find fruit, but none was there.
Micah 7:3-6 Lament over corruption of society. He claimed no honest people were left. Rulers and judges had given themselves over to greed. All were out to exploit before they became exploited. No one could trust anyone. “A man’s enemies are the members of his own household”.
Micah 7:7-10 A psalm of lament. A godly man can turn to God for help… he can wait in hope for the Lord. Micah knew that God would act in his own time. That brought a sense of peace, knowing that God was in control. He also knew the faithful would be vindicated. Ultimately God would act on their behalf.
Micah 7:11-17 Israel’s Promised Victory
One day the remnant will triumph. Their borders will be expanded and all the peoples of the world will come to Jerusalem. All peoples will partake of the promise of faith. The Good Shepherd will lead them as He had in the past. They will see all His wonders. Nations will humble themselves before God. Stark images described their trembling before the Lord.
Micah 7:18-20 Doxology: The Triumph of Grace
Who is a God like you? (A pun on his name: Micah…Who is like God?). God’s promises are sure because of His nature. When people respond, God pardons and forgives (way more than they deserve). He delights to show mercy and will again have compassion. His promises are sure “as you pledged in oath to our fathers in days long ago”.

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