Curiously, the first King of Israel, Saul spent some time under a pomegranate tree.
And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men; I Samuel 14:2
Saul under the pomegranate bush at Gibeah must have been a curious sight. He was a very tall man, "head and shoulders" above other men, yet was holding court under a big bush. Rather than a conspicuous tree, like the palm of Deborah, he chooses one of the shortest of trees.
There are several references in the Song of Solomon to pomegranates, which is not surprising considering the symmetry and beauty of the fruit. In The image of the beautiful flowers and fruits are alluded to in the following references: (Song of Solomon 4:3, 6:7, 4:13, 6:11, 7:12).
As with the other trees of the Holy Land, failure of the pomegranate crop is a manifest sign of God's judgment.
The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, even all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men. Joel 1:2
This fact is of special note, as the pomegranate requires considerably less care than most of the other Bible fruits.
It is also one of the oldest fruits known to man. Some people argue that the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge plucked by Eve was not an apple at all but a pomegranate, and Greek myth attributes the cycle of the seasons to the goddess Persephone's weakness for pomegranates. The fruit also figures heavily in ancient Egyptian art and to this day plays an important role in the celebration of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. Each pomegranate is said to contain 613 seeds, the very same number of commandments in the Law or Torah.
Is it coincidence that the number of seeds in the pomegranate is the same as the number of commandments in the law? Is there significance that the pomegranate is seen on the priestly garments and on the pillars of the temple in ancient Israel? Was there more going on, other than a comical sight, in seeing King Saul under a pomegranate tree? To what does the metaphor of the pomegranate in the Song of Solomon refer? Was the fruit on the Tree of Life a pomegranate? These certainly are some things to meditate on.